PAGE 2

PAGE 3


FRENCH FIRST CLASS WARSHIP 1636-1847
.

Ship name

Built

Launched

Guns

Fate

Dimensions (ft. = 324,84mm)
Length x keel x beam x depth x draught

Couronne

La Roche
Bernand

1636

68-72

Broken up 1641.

156 x 119-10 x 44 x 18-6 x (17-3)

Reine,
Brave(1671)

Toulon

1647

50-60

Broken up 1673.
2rd rate 1669.

146 x 116 x 39 x 17 x 17/18

Vendome ,
Victorieux (1671)

Brest

1651

64/66/70/72

Broken up 1679.

150 x ? x 40 x 17 x 18

Saint Philippe

Toulon

1663

78/80/84

Burnt at La Hogue1692.

146 x 121 x 36-6 x 18-6 x 19/20

Royal Louis

Toulon

1668

120/104
(118)

Unseaworthy 1692-97.

163 x 135 x 44-4 x 21 x 22

Dauphin Royal,
Royal dauphin(1671), Dauphin royal(1691)

Toulon

1668

100/104
(90-104)

Sold 1700.

156-5 x 130 x 43-6 x 20 x 21/24

Monarque

Toulon

1668

94/84/80

Condemned 1685.

153-3 x 127 x 43-6 x 19-6 x 20

Royal Duc,
Reine(1671)

Brest

1668

100-104

Broken up 1688.

155 x 140 x 42 x 19-6 x 22-10

Ile (Isle) de France,
Lys (1671)

Toulon

1669

74/76/80
(70-80)

Condemned 1691.

141-6 x 116 x 39-8 x 19-6 x 20

Couronne

Brest

1669

80/82/76
(70-92)

Sold 1712.

143 x 130 x 38-6 x 18 x 20/22-6

Paris,
Royal Ttherese(1671)

Toulon

1669

72/80
(70-80)

Condemned 1690.

143 x 120 x 42 x 20 x 20/21-6

Henry,
Souverain(1671), Admirable (1678)

Tonnay-
Charente

1669

80/76
(70-80)

Cut down to 2nd rate,
and renamed 1678.
Broken up 1689.

150 x 125 x 38 x 18 x 18/20

Soleil Royal

Brest

1669

120/110/104

Burnt at Cherbourg 1692.

164-6 x 142 x 44-6 x 21 x 23-6

Sceptre

Toulon

1670

80 (76-84)

Broken up 1692.

148 x 122 x 42 x 19 x 20

Magnanime
(ex Courageux)

Marseille/Toulon

1673

76-84

Laid down as Courageux,
condemned 1705.

147 x 121 x 44 x 20 x 20/23

Victorieux

Rochefort

1675

108/100

Condemned 1685.

166 x 135 x 42-6 x 19-6 x 20/21

Admirable,
Souverain (1678)

Brest

1678

80/84
(80-90)

Sold 1706.

148 x 123 x 38-3 x 18-6 x 20/23

Grand

Rochefort

1680

84/88/72
(70-90)

2nd rate in 1707,
broken up 1716.

156 x 130 x 40 x 18-6 x 20/22

Magnifique

Toulon

1685

72/86/84

Burnt at La Hogue 1692.

142 x 116 x 39 x 17 x 17/21-6

Conquerant

Toulon

1688

84 (70-86)

Cut down to 2nd rate 1712.
Broken up 1743.

146-6 x ? x 41 x 18 x 17/21

Intrepide

Rochefort

1690

84 (72-84)

Condemned 1717.

151 x 130 x 42-10 x 18-4 x 19/20-6

Saint esprit,
Monarque(1690)

Brest

1690

90/94/88/84

Condemned 1716.

155 x ? x 44 x 19-6 x 22-6/24

Victorieux

Rochefort

1691

88/94/92

Condemned 1717.

156 x ? x 43-4 x 18 x 21/21-6

Foudroyant

Brest

1691

84/90

Burnt at La Hogue 1692.

157 x 136 x 44 x 20 x 21

Orgueilleux

Lorient

1691

94/90/(88)

Broken up 1715.

151-6 x 125 x 43 x 19-3 x 23

Admirable

Lorient

1691

94/76/(84)

Burnt at Cherbourg 1692.

151-6 x 125 x 43 x 19-3 x 21/23

Sceptre

Toulon

1691

76-88

Broken up 1717.

153 x 131-6 x 44 x 20-4 x 23

Merveilleux

Brest

1691

92-96

Burnt at La Hogue 1692.

157 x 136 x 44 x 20 x 22

Fulminant

Rochefort

1691

80/98/96

Condemned 1719.

158 x 135 x 44-6 x 20 x 20/23

Ambitieux

Rochefort

1691

84-96

Burnt at La Hogue 1692.

158 x 135 x 44-6 x 20 x 20

Formidable

Brest

1691

80/90/96/94

Broken up 1714.

157 x 136 x 44 x 20 x 22/23-9

Lis

Toulon

1691

80/84/88

Burnt in action 1705.

153 x 131-6 x 44 x 20-4 x 23

Vainqueur

Lorient

1692

80/84/86

Broken up 1722.

150 x 125 x 43 x 19 x 22/23-6

Royal Louis

Toulon

1692

112/110

Broken up 1727.

176 x 147 x 48 x 23 x 21/26

Merveilleux

Brest

1692

92-98

Sold or broken up 1712.

163-9 x 140 x 45 x 19 x 24

Foudroyant ,
Soleil Royal(1693)

Brest

1692

104/102

Broken up 1714.

170 x ? x 46 x 22 x 23/24-6

Admirable

Lorient

1692

96/90/88/82

Broken up 1715.

160 x 134 x 44-6 x 21 x 24

Magnifique

Rochefort

1692

86/88/90

Broken up 1715.

154 x ? x 44-6 x 19 x 21/22

Ambitieux

Rochefort

1692

90/92/96

Sold or broken up 1713.

155 x ? x 45-4 x 20-2 x 21-6/24-6

Terrible

Brest

1693

92/96
(100/104)

Sold 1714.

165 x ? x 45 x 19 x 23/24

Tonnant

Toulon

1693

90/88

Unseaworthy 1709.

158 x 134 x 44-6 x 20-6 x 23

Saint Philippe

Toulon

1693

88/90/92

Condemned 1714.

158 x 134 x 44-6 x 20-6 x 23

Triomphant

Lorient

1693

94/98

Condemned 1717.

160 x 134 x 44-6 x 21 x 22/23-6

Foudroyant,
Ex Soleil royal (1693)

Brest

1693

102/104

Condemned 1713.

166 x ? x 46 x 21-6 x 23/26

Fier

Rochefort

1694

90/92/94

Condemned 1713.

158 x ? x 46-10 x 19-6 x 21-6/22-6

.

YEARS 1700-1847
.

Ship name

Built

Years

Guns

Dimensions (m)*

Length x keel x breadth x depth x draught

Foudroyant

Brest

1724-1742

110

56.47 * 49.70 * 15.27 * 7.42 * 6.93 / 7.80

Royal louis
(not launch)

Brest

-

124

60.10 * 54.46 * 16.46 * 7.20 * 7.55 / 8.04

Royal Louis

Brest

1759-1773

116

61.72 * 55.71 * 16.73 * 7.96 * 7.93 / 8.34

Ville de Paris

Rochefort

1764-1782

90/104

57.50 * 46.78 * 15.75 * 7.47 * 6.82 / 7.63

(56.58x46.63x16.37x6.76=2347 tons)d

Bretagne,
Revolutionnaire in 1793

Brest

1766-1796

100/110

60.42 * 53.60 * 16.24 * 7.96 * 7.31 / 8.04

Invincible

Rochefort

1780-1807

92/100/110

59.77 * ? * 16.08 * 7.80 * ?

Royal louis,
Republicain in1792

Brest

1780-1794

110/106

59.77 * ? * 16.24 * 7.96 * ?

Terrible

Toulon

1780-1802

94/110

60.75 * ? * 16.24 * 8.12 * ?

Majestueux ,
Republicain in1797

Toulon

1780-1808

94/110

60.75 * ? * 16.24 * 8.12 * ?

Commerce-
de marseille

Toulon

1788-1793

118/124

63.83 * ? * 16.24 * 8.12 * ?

(63.50x52.43x16.70x7.63)d

Etats de bourgogne,
Montagne in1793,
Ocean in1795

Brest

1790-1855

"

63.83 * ? * 16.24 * 8.12 * ?

Dauphin Royal,
Orient in1798

Toulon

1791-1798

"

"

République francaise

Rochefort

1802-1839

"

"

Peuple

Brest

1803-1806

"

"

Austerlitz

Toulon

1808-1837

"

"

Monargue

Toulon

1810-1836

"

"

Imperial

Toulon

1811-1825

"

"

Montebello

Toulon

1812-1867

"

"

Héros

Toulon

1813-1828

"

"

Souverain

Toulon

1819-1832

"

"

Formidable

Toulon

1824-1836

"

"

Inflexible

Cherbourg

1840-1865

"

"

Marengo

Rochefort

1850-1882

"

"

Tonnant

Rochefort

1854-1880

"

"

Commerce de paris

Toulon

1806-1839

110

60.42 * ? * 16.24 * 8.12 * ?

Victorieux

Rochefort

1814-1827

"

"

Hercule

Toulon

1836-1868

100/98
(2.rates)

62.50 * ? * 16.20 * 8.23 * ?

Jemmapes

Lorient

1840-1865

"

"

Tage

Brest

1847-1884

"

"

Henri IV

Cherbourg

1848-1854

"

"

Duguay-Trouin

Lorient

1854-1872

"

"

Turenne

Rochefort

1854-1867

"

"

Valmy

Brest

1847-1865

120

64.20 * ? * 16.80 * 8.55 * ?

.
French 80-gun ships in 18th. Century.(new ships)

.

SHIP NAME

BUILT

YEARS

GUNS

DIMENSIONS (ft.)
lenght-keel-beam-depth-max draught
(lenght-beam-depth)c=source, see below

Tonnant

Toulon

1743-1780

80

168 x 154 x 46 x 23 x 23-6
(169 x 44 x 22-3)c

Soleil Royal

Brest

1749-1759

80

182 x 174-2 x 48 x 23 x 23-6
(183-2 x 48-6 x 23-3)c

Foudroyant

Toulon

1750-1758

80

177 x 152 x 47-6 x 22-6 x 23
(173 x 46 x 23)c

Formidable

Brest

1751-1759

80

178 x 168-6 x 44-10 x 21-10 x ?
(180 x 45 x 21-8)c

Duc de Bourgogne,
Peuple (1792),
Caton (1794)

Rochefort

1751-1800

80

174 x 152-6 x 44-6 x 22-6 x 22
(173 x 44 x 21)c

Ocean

Toulon

1756-1759

80

175 x 154 x 48 x 23 x ?
(175 x 46 x 22-8)c

Orient

Lorient

1759-1782

80 / 74

174 x 159 x 44 x 20-6 x 21

Saint Esprit

Brest

1765-1795

80

184 x 168 x 48-6 x 23-2 x 24
(184-4 x 48-6 x 23-3)c

Languedoc ,
Antifederaliste (1794),
Victoire (1795)

Toulon

1766-1799

80

188 x 168 x 48-6 x 23-2 x 22-7
(188 x 48-4 x 23-2)c

Couronne

Brest

1768-1795

80

183 x 168-6 x 46 x 23 x 22-6
(184 x 46 x 22-6)c

Auguste,
Jacobin (1793),
Neuf Thermidor (1794)

Brest

1778-1795

84

186 x 46 x 23 c

Triomphant

Toulon

1779-1793

80

184 x 48 x 23-9 c

Deux Freres,
Juste (1792)

Brest

1784-1794

80

181-4 x 46-6 x 23 c

Tonnant

Toulon

1789-1798

86

182-6 x 47 x 23-6 c

Indomptable

Brest

1790-1805

"

"

Sans Pareil

Brest

1793-1794

"

"

Formidable

Toulon

1795-1805

"

"

Guillaume Tell

Toulon

1795-1800

"

"

Franklin

Toulon

1797-1798

"

"

Dix Huit,
Foydroyant (1800)

Rochefort

1799-1834

"

"

Indivisible ,
Alexandre (1803)

Brest

1799-1806

"

"

_

SOURCES :

A : "Nomenclature des vaisseaux du roi-soleil de 1661-1715"

B : "Nomenclature des navires francais de 1715-1774"

C : "les vaisseaux 74 a 120 canons"

OTHER SOURCES FOR DIMENSIONS:

d : "Sailing navy list"(measuring by english,in war prize)

 

THE FRENCH SHIPS 1661-1774 (LAID DOWN)

_

GUNS

NUMBER

110-120

6*

100-108

7

90-98

17

80-88

28

70-78

85

60-68

128

50-58

97

Sub total

368

-
*one ship not launch ("Royal louis" 118-gun ship,laid down in 1740,destroyed by fire in 12/1742,would be launced in 1743)

Not including ships that french bought in Denmark-Norway : 1x 80/70,1x 70/60 gun ships ,and

6x 72-76 gun ships in Netherlands.

-

French measurement method

Ship lenght ("La longuer") measured normally stem to sterpost in outer edges,but sometimes in inner edges.
Also keel ("La quille") lengt is found many ships.In 19th. Century lenght measured also waterline.
Beam ("La largeur")measured usually the outside planking in to 1740s ,and after that in inside planking.
sometime to the 19th. Century beam measured also in waterline.

The depth in hold ("Le creux") measured probably in distance between bottom of the ship to the lower deck,
but there was several methods in use to measured that.

Draught measured often in fore and stern to the ship,and stern draught was same as the maxium draught.
French tonnage ("Le tonnage") measured in many different way,here is couple of formulas:
-

  1. keel lenght x beam x depth / 60
  2. lenght from stem to sternpost x beam x depth / 85

PAGE 2

PAGE 3