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Russian squadron in the Mediterranean Sea in 1827-1830

 

Squadron of Admiral L. P. Geiden in 1827

 

Length is measured between perpendiculars; width - in the middle without planking; hold depth is a distance from the keel 's upper edge to the upper deck or artillery deck of the middle beam.

Artillery of nearly every Russian ship or a frigate included also 1-pound falconets the number of which was not shown in their commanders reports.

 

Type: battleship

Name: Azov (geographical name)

Rank: 74-gun

Building place: Arkhangelsk

Shipwright: A. M. Kurochkin (Actually, a shipwright was V. A. Ershov).

Founded: 20.10.1825

Launched: 26.05.1826

Dimensions, m: length - 52,4, width - 14,4, hold depth -5,8

Gunnery: 80 (24- 36-pound 30/22- 24-pound, various-4 unicorns

Crew number: 12th

Commander: captain M. P. Lazarev, from March, 1828 S. P. Hruschev

Crew: 610, including officers - 34, guard marines and cadets - 2, lower ranks - 574 (Information on the day of the Navara Battle).

Notes: Returned to Kronshtadt 12.05.1830. Disassembled there in 28.07.1831.

 

Type: battleship

Name: Iyezekeel (proper name)

Rank: 74-gun

Building place: Arkhangelsk

Shipwright: A. M. Kurochkin

Founded: 20.10.1825

Launched: 26.05.1826

Dimensions, m length - 52,4, width - 14,4, hold depth - 5,8

Gunnery: 80 (24 - 36-pound, 30/22 -24-pound, various - 4 unicorns

Crew number: 10th

Commander: 2nd rank captain I. I. Svinkin

Crew: 630, including officers - 27, guard marines and cadets - 2, lower ranks - 601

Notes: Returned to Kronshtadt 12.05.1830, timbered in 1832 (A. V. Zenkov). From 1842 a hulk in Sveaborg. Disassembled in 1849.

 

Type: battleship

Name: Aleksandr Nevskiy (Alexander Nevsky proper name)

Rank: 74-gun

Building place: St. Petersburg, Okhta's shipyard

Shipwright: V. F. Stoke

Founded: 24.09.1825

Launched: 07.10.1826

Dimensions, m length - 52,4, width - 14,4, hold depth - 5,8

Gunnery: 76 (24 -36-pound, 30 - 24-pound, 16 - 8-pound, 6 - 6-pound, various - 4

Crew number: 7th

Commander: 2nd rank captain L. F. Bagdanovich, from January 1828 - 2nd rank captain I. P. Epanchin

Crew: 583, including officers - 26, guard marines and cadets - 7, lower ranks - 550

Notes: Returned to Kronshtadt 10.09.1831. In 1832 was rebuilt into a frigate. From 1846 converted into a floating storehouse. Disassembled in 1847.

 

Type: battleship

Name: Gangut (geographical name)

Rank: 84-gun

Building place: St. Petersburg, the Main Admiralty

Shipwright: I. V. Kurepanov

Founded: 08.08.1822

Launched: 19.09.1825

Dimensions, m length - 58,8, width - 15,3, hold depth - 6,0

Gunnery: 84 (32 - 36-pound, 22 - 12-pound, various - 4 copper

Crew number: 2nd

Commander: 2nd rank captain A. P. Avinov

Crew: 659, including officers - 29, guard marines and cadets - 1, lower ranks - 629

Notes: Returned to Kronshtadt 11..07.1828. In 1832 - 1834 timbered (K. A. Glazyrin). In 1854 - 1856 гг. timbered for the second time with reconstruction into a sailing-screw ship. (P. I. Mordvinov). Her last campaign was in 1863. Excluded from lists of fleets in 1871.

 

Type: frigate

Name: Elena (proper name)

Rank: 36-gun

Building place: Arkhangelsk, Solombala's shipyard

Shipwright: A. M. Kurochkin

Founded: 05.07.1824

Launched: 25.05.1825

Dimensions, m length - 44,0, width - 11,6, hold depth - 6,0

Gunnery: 41 (26 - 12-pound, 10 - 6-pound, 3 - 3-pound, various - 4 mortars

Crew number: 3th

Commander: captain-lieutenant N. P. Epanchin (senior)

Crew: 294, including officers - 18, lower ranks - 276

Notes: In 1825 went from Arkhangelsk to Kronshtadt. In 1827 - 1830 served in the Mediterranean Sea. Returned to Kronshtadt 19.05. 1830. In 1831 rebuilt into transport, in 1836 rebuilt into a hulk.

 

Type: frigate

Name: Kastor (proper name)

Rank: 36-gun

Building place: St. Petersburg, Okhta's shipyard

Shipwright: V. F. Stoke, V. A. Ershov A. A. Popov

Founded: 24.02.1822

Launched: 22.05.1823

Dimensions, m length - 44,0, width - 11,6, hold depth - 6,0

Gunnery: 34 (24 - 12-pound, 10 -6-pound

Crew number: 4th

Commander: captain-lieutenant I. S. Sytin

Crew: 279, including officers - 14, lower ranks - 265

Notes: Returned to Kronshtadt 16.07.1829. Disassembled there in 1830.

 

Type: frigate

Name: Konstantin (proper name)

Rank: 44-gun

Building place: Arkhangelsk

Shipwright: A. M. Kurochkin

Founded: 18.07.1823

Launched: 27.05.1826

Dimensions, m length - 48,6, width - 12,7, hold depth - 3,9

Gunnery: 48 (28 - 24-pound, 18 - 8-pound, 6 - 6-pound, 2 - 3-pound

Crew number: 1st

Commander: 2nd rank captain S. P. Hrushchev, from March 1828 - P. M. Baranov

Crew: 352, including officers - 18, lower ranks - 344

Notes: Returned to Kronshtadt in May 1830/ In 1838 rebuilt in Sveaborg into a hulk (P. M. Mordvinov). Disassembled in 1848.

 

Type: frigate

Name: Provorny ("Quick")

Rank: 44-gun

Building place: St. Petersburg, the Main Admiralty

Shipwright: I. V. Kurepanov

Founded: 08.08.1822

Launched: 19.09.1825

Dimensions, m: length - 48,6, width - 12,7, hold depth - 3,9

Gunnery: 48 (28 - 12-pound, 2 - 8-pound, 18 - 6-pound

Crew number: 1st

Commander: captain-lieutenant I. P. Epanchin (junior), from January 1828 O. T. Gotovtsev

Crew: 347, including officers - 15, lower ranks - 330

Notes: Returned to Kronshtadt 11.07.1828. Disassembled there in 1831.

 

Type: corvette

Name: Gremyashchiy ("Thundering")

Rank: 24-gun

Building place: St. Petersburg, Okhta's shipyard

Shipwright: V. F. Stoke, A. A. Popov

Founded: 01.08.1821

Launched: 30.06.1822

Dimensions, m length - 36,7 , width - 9,8, hold depth - 4,6 - Project dimensions. (According to other data she was launched in 30.05.1827, covered with copper sheets in 17.06.1827).

Gunnery: Not available

Crew number: 11th

Commander: captain-lieutenant L. N. Kolyubakin

Crew: 168 (At the period of expedition in the Mediterranean).

Notes: Returned to Kronshtadt 16.07.1829. Disassembled there in 1830.

 

Transport vessels of the Black Sea fleet went to the Mediterranean Sea in 1827

 

Type: transport

Name: Sukhum-Kale (geographical name)

Rank: from 300 to 400 t, three-masted

Building place: Nikolayev, Nikolayev 's Admiralty

Shipwright: I. O. Razumov

Founded: 1827

Launched: 17.06.1827 (Information on the day of the Navara's Battle).

Dimensions, m length - 28,0, hold depth - 4,6

Gunnery: 6 - 3-pound

Crew number: temporarily to the 5th

Commander: captain-lieutenant N. B. Nikoniv

Crew: 65 - 66, including officers - 6

Notes: In 1830 returned to the Black Sea. In 1833 crashed at the Pitsunda Cape.

 

Type: transport

Name: Primer ("Example")

Rank: 6-gun, from 160 to 200 t, two-masted (brig)

Building place: Nikolayev, Nikolayev 's Admiralty

Shipwright: N/a

Founded: N/a

Launched: 20.06.1824

Dimensions, m length - 23,2, width - 7,0, hold depth - 3,0

Gunnery: 4 - 3-pound

Crew number: temporarily to the 5th

Commander: lieutenant (from 17.03.1829 captain-lieutenant) F. L. Morskoy

Crew: 42 - 43, including officers - 4

Notes: In 1830 returned to the Black Sea. Disassembled in 1839.

 

Selivanov's detachment sent to the Mediterranean in 1827

 

Type: brig

Name: Revel (geographical name)

Rank: 16-gun

Building place: St. Petersburg, Okhta's shipyard

Shipwright: K. I. Glazyrin

Founded: 1823

Launched: 13.09.1824

Dimensions, m length - 24,4, width - 8,6, hold depth - 3,2

Gunnery: N/a

Crew number: 16th

Commander: captain-lieutenant A. I. Selivanov

Crew: 79

Notes: Passed from Malta to the Baltic Sea in 04.06.1828. Returned to Kronshtadt 27.09.1828. Disassembled there in 1839.

 

Type: brig

Name: Akhiles (proper name of a Greek God "Achilles")

Rank: 16-gun (Data on the day of the Navara's Battle).

Building place: Sveaborg

Shipwright: A. V. Zenkov

Founded: 1818

Launched: 31.08.1819

Dimensions, m: length - 27,1, width - 6,1, hold depth - 3,5

Gunnery: 14 - 18-pound

Crew number: 8th

Commander: captain-lieutenant Matyushkin, lieutenant G. V. Shulepnikov, captain-lieutenant I. P. Butenev

Crew: 98

Notes: In 1833 passed from the Archipelago to the Black Sea and was included in the list of the Black Sea fleet. Excluded from the list in 1856. Disassembled at the beginning of 60s.

 

Type: brig

Name: Userdiye ("Zeal")

Rank: 20-gun

Building place: St. Petersburg, Okhta 's shipyard

Shipwright: V. F. Stoke

Founded: November, 1826

Launched: 30.04.1827

Dimensions, m: length - 30,1, width - 9,3, hold depth - 3,9 (Draught in load: in the stem - 3,5, in the stern - to 4,0 m).

Gunnery: 22 (20 - 24-pound, 2 - 6-pound). (In some papers she was mentioned as a 20-gun brig).

Crew number: 17th

Commander: captain-lieutenant I. I. Kadiyan, from April 1828 - M. D. Annenkov

Crew: 166

Notes: Returned to Kronshtadt 12.05.1830. Timbered there in 1835. Disassembled in 1845.

 

Type: brig

Name: Okhta (geographical name)

Rank: 20-gun

Building place: St. Petersburg, Okhta's shipyard

Shipwright: V. F. Stoke

Founded: November, 1826

Launched: 30.04.1827

Dimensions, m: length - 30,1, width - 9,3, hold depth - 3,9

Gunnery: 22 (20 - 24-pound, 2 - 6-pound)

Crew number: temporarily to the 5th

Commander: captain-lieutenant D. V. Nikolsky

Crew: 165

Notes: Returned to Kronshtadt in May, 1830. Timbered there in 1835. Disassembled in 1847.

 

Squadron of P. I. Rackord sent to the Mediterranean in 1828

 

Type: battleship

Name: Fermshampenuaz (?)

Rank: 84-gun (In 1827 - 1828 listed as a 74-gun ship).

Building place: St. Petersburg, the Main Admiralty

Shipwright: I. O. Razumov

Founded: 16.09.1816

Launched: 04.08.1817

Dimensions, m: length - 39,7, width - 15,2, hold depth - 7,2 (Ship's draught after leaving Kronshtadt was: in the stem - 6,02, in the stern - 6,25 m).

Gunnery: 87 (26 - 36-pound, 32 - 24-pound, 22/1 - 12-pound, 2 - 8-pound, various - 4 unicorns). Besides on board the ship there were twelve 1-pound falconets. In September, 1828 on the order of Admiral Reecord they were installed on other ships of the squadron: two on Knyaz Vladimir, four on the frigate Mariya and six on the frigate Olga.

Crew number: 8th

Commander: captain G. I. Plater

Crew: 674, including officers 26

Notes: Returned to Kronshtadt 10.09.1831. Perished in a result of fire at the gates of the Kronshtadt's harbor in 08.10.1831.

 

Type: battleship

Name: Tsar Konstantin ("Czar Constantine")

Rank: 74-gun

Building place: Arkhangelsk, Solombala's shipyard

Shipwright: A. M. Kurochkin

Founded: 05.07.1824

Launched: 21.04.1825

Dimensions, m: length - 52,4, width - 14,4, hold depth - 5,8

Gunnery: 82 (24 - 36-pound, 30 - 24-pound, 16/6 - 8-pound, 6/4 - 3-pound)

Crew number: 1st

Commander: captain I. N. Butakov, from September, 1829 - E. E. Kulichkin

Crew: 642

Notes: Returned to Kronshtadt 12.05.1830. Disassembled there in 1831.

 

Type: battleship

Name: Knyaz Vladimir ("Knight Vladimir")

Rank: 74-gun

Building place: Arkhangelsk, Solombala's shipyard

Shipwright: A. M. Kurochkin

Founded: 1822

Launched: 27.05.1824

Dimensions, m: length - 52,4, width - 14,4, hold depth - 5,8

Gunnery: 82 (24 - 36-pound, 30 - 24-pound, 16/2 - 8-pound, 6 - 6-pound, various - 4 unicorns).

Crew number: 3rd

Commander: captain A. I. Gren

Crew: 583

Notes: Returned to Kronshtadt 10.1830. In 1831 passed to Sveaborg where she was rebuilt into a hulk.

 

Type: battleship

Name: Emanuil (proper name)

Rank: 64-gun

Building place: St. Petersburg, Okhta's shipyard

Shipwright: V. F. Stoke, A. A. Popov

Founded: 24.02 1822

Launched: 29.07.1824

Dimensions, m: length - 58,8, width - 15,3, hold depth - 6,0

Gunnery: 62 (30/32 -24-pound). Besides there were tvelwe 1-pound signal falconets. In September,
1828 on the order of Admiral Reekord they were given to Tsar Konstantin (10) and Knyaz Vladimir (2).

Crew number: 9th

Commander: captain E. E. Kulichkin, from September, 1829 - captain-lieutenant P. I. Tyrtov.

Crew: 513

Notes: In 1832 - 1833 disassembled in Poro

 

Type: frigate

Name: Mariya (proper name)

Rank: 44-gun

Building place: Arkhangelsk, Solombala's shipyard

Sipwright: A. M. Kurochkin (Actually a shipwright was V. A. Ershov "under supervision of general Kurochkin").

Founded: 16.09.1816

Launched: 04.08.1817

Dimensions, m: length - 48,4, width - 12,6, hold depth - 3,9 м (Draught of the frigate Mariya in full load (in 1828) was: in the stem - 5,0, in the stern - 5,9 m; at this middle ports of the artillery deck were at the distance of 2 m (1.96 m) from water surface.

Gunnery: 49 (29 - 24-pound, 1 - 8-pound, 17 - 6-pound, 2 - 3-pound)

Crew number: 10th

Commander: captain-lieutenant P. D. Ishkarin

Crew: 350

Notes: Returned to Kronshtadt 19.05.1830. Timbered there in 1832. From 1847 storehouse in the Kronshtadt's port.

 

Type: frigate

Name: Olga (proper name)

Rank: 44-gun

Building place: Arkhangelsk, Solombala's shipyard

Shipwright: A. M. Kurochkin

Founded: 05.07.1824

Launched: 21.04.1825

Dimensions, m: length - 48,4, width - 12,6, hold depth - 3,9

Gunnery: 49 (30 - 24-pound, 1 - 8-pound, 16 - 6-pound, 2 - 3-pound)

Crew number: 13th

Commander: 2nd rank captain A. F. Severyukov

Crew: 363

Notes: Returned to Kronshtadt 12.05.1830. Timbered there in 1832. Disassembled in Kronshtadt in 1849 - 1850.

 

Type: frigate

Name: Aleksandra (proper name)

Rank: 44-gun

Building place: Arkhangelsk, Solombala's shipyard

Shipwright: A. M. Kurochkin

Founded: 1822

Launched: 27.05.1824

Dimensions, m: length - 48,4, width - 12,6, hold depth - 3,9

Gunnery: 49 (30 -24-pound, 1 - 8-pound, 16 - 6-pound, 2 - 3-pound)

Crew number: 15th

Commander: 2nd rank captain E. A. Shlipenbakh, from March, 1830 captain-lieutenant R. P Boil.

Crew: 352

Notes: Returned to Kronshtadt 12.05.1830. Disassembled there in 1845.

 

Ipatiyev's detachment passed to the Mediterranean Sea in 1828

 

Type: ship

Name: Veliky Knyaz Mikhail ("Great Knight Michael")

Rank: 74-gun

Building place: St. Petersburg, Okhta's shipyard

Shipwright: V. F. Stoke

Founded: 15.11.1826

Launched: 15.10.1827

Dimensions, m: length - 52,4, width - 14,4, hold depth - 5,8

Gunnery: 86

Crew number: 13th

Commander: captain I. N. Ignatiyev

Crew: N/a

Notes: Returned to Kronshtadt 12.05.1830. Timbered there in 1835 and in 1853. Rebuilt into a floating crane in 1860. Disassembled 11.09.1863.

 

Type: frigate

Name: Knyaginya Lovich ("Duchess Lovich")

Rank: 44-gun

Building place: St. Petersburg, Okhta's shipyard

Shipwright: V. F. Stoke

Founded: 01.12.1827

Launched: 26.05.1828

Dimensions, m: length - 48,4, width - 12,6, hold depth - 3,9

Gunnery: 48

Crew number: 4th

Commander: captain-lieutenant V. F. Bologovsky

Crew: 349

Notes: In 1833 she passed to the Black Sea and was enrolled into the list of the Black Sea fleet. In 1837 she was converted into a hulk in Nikolayev.

 

Type: brig

Name: Telemak (geographical name?)

Rank: 20-gun

Building place: St. Petersburg, Okhta's shipyard

Shipwright: V. F. Stoke

Founded: 01.12.1827

Launched: 12.05.1828

Dimensions, m: length - 30,1, width - 9,3, hold depth - 3,9

Gunnery: 20 - 24-pound

Crew number: 8th

Commander: captain-lietenant D. P. Zamytsky

Crew: 129

Notes: In 1833 she passed to the Black Sea and was enrolled into the list of the Black Sea fleet. Timbered in Nikolayev in 1836. Disassembled in 1852.

 

Type: brig

Name: Uliss (proper name)

Rank: 20-gun

Building place: St. Petersburg, Okhta's shipyard

Shipwright: V. F. Stoke

Founded: 01.12.1827

Launched: 12.05.1828

Dimensions, m: length - 30.1, width - 9.3, hold depth - 3.9

Gunnery: 20 - 24-pound

Crew number: 5th and 11th

Commander: captain-lietenant N. M Kropotov

Crew: 152

Notes: In 1833 she passed to the Black Sea and was enrolled into the list of the Black Sea fleet. In 1841 converted into a floating storehouse.

 

Vessels for reinforcement of the Russian Mediterranean squadron sent in 1828 - 1829

 

Type: frigate

Name: Elisaveta (proper name)

Rank: 44-gun

Building place: St. Petersburg, the Main Admeralty

Shipwright: K. A. Glazyrin

Founded: 15.01.1828

Launched: 18.08.1828

Dimensions, m: length - 48.4, width - 12.6, hold depth - 3.9

Gunnery: 63(?)

Crew number: 7th

Commander: captain-lieutenant P. E. Chistyakov

Crew: N/a

Notes: Returned to Kronshtadt in summer 1831. Rebuilt into a storehouse in 1838.

 

Type: corvette

Name: Navarin (geographical name)

Rank: 20-gun

Building place: France

Shipwright: N/a

Founded: N/a

Launched: N/a

Dimensions, m: length - 39.0, width - 9.8, hold depth - 3.05 (The draught in load comprised: in the stem - 3.8, in the stern - 4.6 m; height from the middle board of the upper deck to water surface was 2.2 m).

Gunnery: 20 (16 -18-pound, 4 - 12-pound)

Crew number: 23rd

Commander: captain-lieutenant P. S. Nakhimov

Crew: 160 - 180 (?)

Notes: Returned to Kronshtadt 12.05.1830. Timbered in 1846 - 1847.
In 1855 excluded from lists of the fleet and scuttled in the North fairway at the Kotlin island.

 

Type: corvette

Name: Lvitsa ("Lioness")

Rank: 26-gun

Building place: Marseille (France)

Shipwright: N/a

Founded: N/a

Launched: N/a

Dimensions, m: length - 39.6, width - 9.6, hold depth - 3.2

Gunnery: 26 -18-pound

Crew number: N/a

Commander: lieutenant L. L. Geiden

Crew: N/a

Notes: Returned to Kronshtadt 06.09.1830. Timbered in 1846 -1848. In 1854 sent to the Far East. Damaged in the North Sea in 1854 and sold in Holland.

 

Type: brig

Nane: Kandiya (geographical name)

Rank: N/a

Building place: N/a

Shipwright: N/a

Founded: N/a

Launched: N/a

Dimensions, m: length - 30.0, width - 6.8, hold depth - 4.0

Gunnery: 14 - 6-pound

Crew number: N/a

Commander: lieutenant P. A. von Moller

Crew: N/a

Notes: Sold in Greece (Poro) in 1830.

 

A List of Ships and Vessels of the Baltic Sea Fleet on the January 1st, 1826 is based on the table with the same title, composed in Naval Ministry by 1.01.1826 (Russian State Achieve of the Naval Fleet, f.205, op. 1, d. 371, p. 11) and writings out of "The Tables of Black, Baltic and Caspian Seas Fleets vessels in 1823" (Russian State Achieve of the Naval Fleet, f.203, op. 1, d. 1145, p. 58, 80). Also data from reference books on history of the Russian fleet by F. F. Veselago "The List of Russian Warships of 1668 - 1860. St. Petersburg 1872; A. M. Danilov "Sips-of-the-line and Frigates of the Russian Sailing Fleet". Minsk 1996; A. A. Chernyshev "The Russian Sailing Fleet: Reference in 2 volumes. V.1, Moscow, 1997" were used.

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